Broad Lighting: the main/key/dominant light illuminates fully the side of the face turned toward the camera
Short Lighting: the main lighting illuminates fully the side of the ace turned away from the camera
Side Lighting: aka the hatchet lighting: only half of the face is fully illuminated, the other half is in the shawdow.
Rembrandt Lighting: the main light is at 45-degree angle to the subject, 2 to 4 feet above the subjects face ( on the shadow side of the face, there is a triangle of light, created by the nose shadow meeting the cheek shadow)
Butterfly Lighting: aka paramount lighting, front lighting. The main light is placed directly in front of the subjects face and cast a symmetrical nose shadow directly underneath and in line with the nose. The shadow from the jaw falls directly downward, covering the neck.